Why affordable housing is a great dollar for dollar investment for the state

The 2022 Statewide Housing Plan finds that California needs to construct more than one million new homes affordable to lower-income families by 2030 to meet the need. While this may sound like an expensive proposition in today’s high construction cost environment, the reality is that each state dollar invested in producing affordable rental housing leverages private, federal, and local funding at a ratio of more than four to one. In other words, the state’s contribution is less than 20% of the aggregate investment in affordable housing, or $104,220 per affordable home in 2022, according to new research from the California Housing Partnership. 

Moreover, given that on average a three-person family occupies each affordable home each year over the 55-year lifetime of the development, this works out to be a cost to the state of only $631 per person per year to house a low-income person. Compare that to the cost of providing hotel/motel rooms to unhoused persons during the pandemic of $117 per day or San Francisco’s estimated cost to house a person in a shelter of $58,400 to $70,800 per year.[2,3]

By any definition, $631 per person per year to affordably house people who are low-income trying to survive in California’s astronomically priced housing market is a bargain worthy of additional state investment. That’s why the Partnership is so excited to support Assembly Bill 1657 by Assemblywoman Buffy Wicks to place a $10 billion affordable housing bond on the November 2024 ballot.


[1] On average 11 families live in each affordable home over the life of the 55-year regulatory agreement. HUD PDR Length of Stay in Assisted Housing, October 2017 (